The Battle of Gettysburg is often known as the main turning point in the Civil War and is often referred to as the “High Water Mark of the Rebellion” ("History & Culture: The Battle of Gettysburg"). The Battle of Gettysburg was fought on July 1st, 2nd and 3rd, 1863 in the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. It was the second invasion on the north lead by the Confederates. Robert E. Lee and his “Army of Northern Virginia” led the Confederate attack, while Major General George Mead led the North’s “Army of the Potomac”(1).
One of the major components of battle, as wefrom a park ranger at Gettysburg, was the amount of food that each solider was getting. The Union started the US Sanitary Commission to see how well countries in Europe were being fed in comparison to them. They found that the United States army was being fed better than the Russian army, British army and French army. The only country in the world being fed better than the US army was the Turkish army. The most common foods inside a soldier’s haversack were hardtack (a very hard cracker), salted pork and coffee. Both foods were usually full of maggots or rotten but to keep from starving they found ways to eat them. The Union was rationed 1 pound, 4 ounces of beef per day and six ounces of bread compared to the Confederate ration of 6 ounces of cornbread and 4 ounces of bacon by this time so we can see how it affected the battle.